Today in history

Today in history. April 13.

  1. 1204: During the Fourth Crusade, the Crusaders captured and sacked Constantinople.

  2. 1598: King Henry IV of France issued the Edict of Nantes, granting religious freedom to French Protestants known as Huguenots.

  3. 1742: Handel's oratorio "Messiah" was performed publicly for the first time in Dublin, Ireland.

  4. 1743: Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, was born at Shadwell in Virginia.

  5. 1870: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met) was founded in New York City.

  6. 1919: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in Amritsar, India, where British soldiers fired on unarmed Indian civilians, resulting in hundreds of deaths.

  7. 1941: During World War II, Soviet forces successfully repelled a major German attack in the Battle of Smolensk.

  8. 1964: Sidney Poitier became the first African American to win the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in "Lilies of the Field."

  9. 1970: An oxygen tank explosion aboard the Apollo 13 spacecraft caused a critical failure in the service module, prompting the famous line "Houston, we have a problem" to be radioed to NASA.

  10. 1986: In response to a bombing at a disco frequented by American soldiers in Berlin, the United States conducted airstrikes on Libya.

  11. 1997: Tiger Woods, at the age of 21, became the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament.

  12. 2005: Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected as Pope Benedict XVI, succeeding Pope John Paul II.

  13. 2006: The Irish Republican Army (IRA) announced an end to its armed campaign and embraced peaceful methods.

  14. 2010: Former President of Poland Lech Kaczyński and his wife died in a plane crash in Russia.

  15. 2016: A suicide bomber attacked Sultanahmet Square in Istanbul, Turkey, resulting in the deaths of several individuals.

  16. 2019: A significant fire broke out at the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, causing severe damage to the historic structure.

  17. 2029: On April 13, 2029, an asteroid named Apophis will pass very close to Earth, closer than some orbiting satellites.

  18. 2036: Concerns arose among scientists about the possibility of the Apophis asteroid impacting Earth on April 13, 2036.

  19. 2074: Humanity celebrated a return to the Moon on April 13, 2074, marking 75 years since the end of the Apollo program.

  20. 2143: On April 13, 2143, humanity began exploring a new planet, venturing beyond the boundaries of Earth.

These events represent a diverse range of historical moments that have shaped human history over the centuries.

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