Today in history

Today in history. April 12.

Here are some notable events that occurred worldwide on April 12th before the year 2020:

1861: The American Civil War began when Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina, marking the start of hostilities between the North and South.

1934: The strongest surface wind speed ever recorded on Earth was measured at 231 miles per hour (372 km/h) on Mount Washington, New Hampshire, USA.

1945: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who led the United States through most of World War II, passed away in Warm Springs, Georgia, USA.
1955: The Salk polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, was declared safe and effective, leading to widespread vaccination efforts against polio.
1961: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human to travel into space aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft, orbiting the Earth once before safely returning.
1963: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested during a demonstration in Birmingham, Alabama, where he wrote his famous "Letter from Birmingham Jail."
1966: The Soviet Luna 10 spacecraft entered orbit around the Moon, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit the Moon and transmit data back to Earth.
The United States severed diplomatic relations with Iran and imposed economic sanctions after the U.S. Embassy in Tehran was seized by Iranian militants in November 1979.
1981: The first space shuttle mission, STS-1 (Columbia), was launched by NASA. Astronauts John W. Young and Robert L. Crippen piloted the spacecraft.
1981: The maiden flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-1) took place, marking the beginning of NASA's Space Shuttle program.
1990: Jim Gary, an American sculptor known for creating large dinosaur sculptures from discarded automobile parts, passed away at the age of 56.
2009: The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.
These are just a few examples of significant events that happened on April 12th in history. Each year and era brings its own unique events and developments.


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